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圆锥机油温过高有哪些原因?
网址:http://www.dhfjx.cn    发布时间:2021-04-22
在圆锥破碎机的生产中,如果出现润滑油油温较高的现象,那么就会造成润滑效果的下降,这个时候机器无法正常的进行运转,会严重的影响到生产的过程,所以需要找出来圆锥机油温过高的原因,下面我们来详细了解一下。
In the production of cone crusher, if the phenomenon of high lubricating oil temperature appears, it will cause the decline of lubrication effect. At this time, the machine can not operate normally, which will seriously affect the production process, so we need to find out the cause of high oil temperature of cone crusher. Let's have a detailed understanding.
一、回油管堵塞
1、 The oil return pipe is blocked
原因:回油管堵塞造成的润滑油循环不畅,回油量少、油温高的现象
Cause: the blockage of oil return pipe results in poor circulation of lubricating oil, less oil return and high oil temperature
解决办法:检查回油管是否畅通,并找到回油管堵塞的原因,疏通回油管,使润滑油循环顺畅。
Solution: check whether the oil return pipe is unblocked, find out the cause of the blockage of the oil return pipe, dredge the oil return pipe, and make the lubricating oil circulation smooth.
二、润滑油失效的现象
2、 Phenomenon of lubricating oil failure
原因:润滑油失效也会造成油温升高的现象由于含有水分、灰尘等污染物质的话,就无法达到预期的润滑效果,并且这些杂质会造成设备内部异常的磨损现象,因此会引起油温的升高。
Cause: the failure of lubricating oil will also cause the phenomenon of oil temperature rise. If it contains water, dust and other pollutants, the expected lubrication effect cannot be achieved, and these impurities will cause abnormal wear inside the equipment, so the oil temperature will rise.
解决办法:更换润滑油,更换的时候要先对于油箱进行清洗,然后再进行更换,这样可以保证润滑油的清洁性,防止污染造成的圆锥破碎机润滑失效以及高温的情况;
Solution: replace the lubricating oil. When replacing, clean the oil tank first, and then replace it. In this way, the cleanliness of the lubricating oil can be ensured, and the lubrication failure and high temperature of the cone crusher caused by pollution can be prevented;
三、碗形瓦面与主轴躯体接触面积大
3、 The contact area between bowl shaped tile surface and spindle body is large
原因:碗形瓦面与主轴躯体接触面积大接触不好也会造成润滑油的高温现象,而二者接触不好的原因主要是因为圆锥式破碎机主轴躯体使用年限比较长。
Cause: the contact area between the bowl shaped tile surface and the spindle body is large, and the bad contact will also cause the high temperature phenomenon of the lubricating oil, and the main reason for the bad contact is that the spindle body of the cone crusher has a long service life.
解决办法:
terms of settlement:
1、对于圆锥破碎机的主轴进行更换,并对于碗形瓦进行刮研;
1. Replace the main shaft of cone crusher and scrape the bowl shaped tile;
2、将圆锥破碎机的碗形瓦内缘进行加工,确保不与主轴躯体内缘球磨接触,并对碗形瓦进行刮研;
2. The inner edge of the bowl shaped bush of the cone crusher is processed to ensure that it is not in contact with the inner edge of the spindle body by ball milling, and the bowl shaped Bush is scraped;
                                                              移动碎石机租赁
四、偏心套与主轴接触不好
4、 The contact between eccentric sleeve and spindle is not good
原因:偏心套与主轴接触不好并且偏心铜套上部有裂纹现象造成的油温升高的现象,这是因为圆锥破碎机内部偏心轴由于与止推轴承配合不好,导致偏心轴运行轨迹变化。
Cause: the oil temperature rises due to the poor contact between the eccentric sleeve and the main shaft and the cracks on the upper part of the eccentric copper sleeve. This is because the eccentric shaft in the cone crusher is not well matched with the thrust bearing, which leads to the change of the running track of the eccentric shaft.
解决办法:找到二者接触不好的原因,并对于铜套接触面进行研磨以及对裂纹处进行裂纹尾端钻孔处理,避免裂纹扩展;
Solution: find out the reason of poor contact between the two, grind the contact surface of copper sleeve and drill holes at the crack end to avoid crack propagation;
五、机架铜套接触面接触不好
5、 The contact surface of frame copper sleeve is not good
原因:机架铜套接触面接触不好有烧瓦现象,且机架套上缘有裂纹,压铜套的合金块松动,偏心轴下端面与上止推轴承上端面偏边磨损。
Causes: the contact surface of the copper sleeve of the frame is not good, there is tile burning phenomenon, and there is crack on the upper edge of the frame sleeve, the alloy block of the copper sleeve is loose, and the eccentric shaft lower end face and the upper end face of the upper thrust bearing are worn.
解决办法:对于偏心轴定位孔内异物的异物进行清理,并加工偏心轴下端面及止推轴承,确保其安装配合尺寸;
Solutions: clean up the foreign matters in the eccentric shaft positioning hole, and process the lower end face of the eccentric shaft and the thrust bearing to ensure the installation fit size;
六、当油底壳端盖止推轴承花键槽磨损
6、 When the oil pan end cover thrust bearing spline groove is worn
原因:当油底壳端盖止推轴承花键槽磨损且磨成槽的时候,也会造成油温的升高。
Cause: when the spline groove of oil pan end cover thrust bearing is worn and ground into groove, the oil temperature will also rise.
解决办法:更换油底壳及推力板,确保偏心轴平稳运行;
Solution: replace the oil pan and thrust plate to ensure the smooth operation of eccentric shaft;
七、传动轴轴向窜动、径向跳动量大
7、 The axial displacement and radial runout of the transmission shaft are large
原因:圆锥破碎机的传动轴轴向窜动、径向跳动量大的话,会导致齿顶间隙发生变化。
Cause: if the axial movement and radial run out of the transmission shaft of cone crusher are large, the gap between tooth tips will change.
解决办法:调整调整环或者在联轴器轴端加垫,确保其轴向窜动量达到标准值;
Solution: adjust the adjusting ring or add a pad at the shaft end of the coupling to ensure that its axial displacement reaches the standard value;
八、检查偏心轴与水平轴齿轮齿顶、齿侧间隙
8、 Check the top and side clearance of eccentric shaft and horizontal shaft gear
原因:偏心轴与水平轴齿轮齿顶、齿侧间隙需要检查,导致圆锥机油温过高
Cause: the clearance between the top and side of eccentric shaft and horizontal shaft needs to be checked, which leads to the high oil temperature of cone machine
解决办法:不符合要求的话,要进行加、减垫来调整,确保齿顶、齿侧间隙达到要求;
Solution: if it does not meet the requirements, it is necessary to add or reduce pads to adjust, so as to ensure that the clearance between tooth top and tooth side meets the requirements;
九、冷却系统的管路是否畅通,闸阀是否坏、堵塞
9、 Whether the pipeline of cooling system is unblocked, whether the gate valve is broken or blocked
原因:检查圆锥破碎机冷却系统的管路是否畅通,闸阀是否坏、堵塞等
Cause: check whether the pipe of cone crusher cooling system is unblocked, whether the gate valve is broken or blocked, etc
解决办法:冷却系统的正常工作,可以起到合理的冷却作用,减少油温升高的现象;
Solution: the normal operation of the cooling system can play a reasonable cooling role and reduce the phenomenon of oil temperature rise;
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