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反击碎石机相对于锤式碎石机有哪些优势?
网址:http://www.dhfjx.cn    发布时间:2020-05-30
  在砂石料厂中,经常能见到反击式破碎机与锤式破碎机,但似乎选择反击式破碎机的商家更多一些,这其中的原因是什么呢?反击式破碎机与锤式破碎机的技术结构、工作原理、处理物料、维护成本等有着一定的差别。通用矿机小编将对此进行详细对比,来看看反击式破碎机相对于锤式破碎机的优势在于哪些方面吧!
  In the sand and stone factory, we often see impact crusher and hammer crusher, but it seems that there are more merchants who choose impact crusher, what is the reason? There are some differences between impact crusher and hammer crusher in technical structure, working principle, material handling and maintenance cost. General purpose miner small edition will carry on the detailed comparison to this, to see what is the advantage of the impact crusher compared with the hammer crusher!
  1.技术结构
  1. Technical structure
  反击式破碎机与锤式破碎机的结构差异还是有一定的区别。对于破碎腔,反击破的破碎腔相对较大一些,进料口也比较大。物料从进料口进入反击破的破碎腔时,物料不仅受到锤头的冲击作用,物料与反击板以及物料与物料之间还有反复的冲击作用,所以这种破碎的作用更加的充分,可以更好地实现对于大块物料的生产。相比而言,锤式破碎机的破碎腔较小,而且密封性能相比反击式破碎机较好。物料破碎加工的时候会产生较少的粉尘污染,相对会有环保的优势。
  There are some differences between the structure of impact crusher and hammer crusher. For the crushing chamber, the crushing chamber for counter breaking is relatively larger, and the feeding port is also larger. When the material enters the crushing chamber of the impact breaking from the feed inlet, the material is not only impacted by the hammer head, but also repeatedly impacted between the material and the impact plate as well as between the material and the material, so the crushing effect is more sufficient, which can better realize the production of large materials. In comparison, the crushing chamber of hammer crusher is smaller, and its sealing performance is better than that of impact crusher. When the materials are crushed and processed, there will be less dust pollution, which has the advantage of environmental protection.
                                                                                         移动碎石机租赁
  2.工作原理
  2. Working principle
  反击式破碎机与锤式破碎机破碎物料时有着较大的差异,这是由于其板锤的不同导致的。在反击式破碎机的内部,板锤是从下往上迎接物料进行破碎物料的,且会把物料抛到上方的反击板上,而锤式破碎机则是顺着物料落下的方向打击破碎的,在反击破的内部,转子顺时针运转,板锤从下往上迎向物料,而在锤破的内部,转子逆时针运转,锤头顺着物料落下的方向打击。
  There is a big difference between impact crusher and hammer crusher in crushing materials, which is caused by different plate hammers. In the internal part of the impact crusher, the plate hammer meets the material from the bottom to the top to crush the material, and will throw the material onto the upper impact plate, while the hammer crusher hits the material in the direction of falling. In the internal part of the impact crusher, the rotor operates clockwise, and the plate hammer faces the material from the bottom to the top. In the internal part of the impact crusher, the rotor operates anticlockwise, and the hammer head follows the material Direction strike of material falling.
  反击破与锤破这两种破碎设备都可以实现对成品颗粒大小的调节。反击式破碎机因其下部没有篦条筛,对于产品颗粒大小的调节主要是通过调整转子速度或转子直径、调整分料器开口大小、调节研磨腔的间隙的方法来控制。而对于锤式破碎机而言,成品颗粒大小的调节则可以通过调节筛板缝隙的大小来控制,根据这种情况而言,反击式破碎机能够更加有效的处理含水量较大的物料且避免堵塞的情况。
  Two kinds of crushing equipment, impact breaking and hammer breaking, can adjust the particle size of the finished product. Because there is no grate screen in the lower part of the impact crusher, the adjustment of product particle size is mainly controlled by adjusting the rotor speed or rotor diameter, adjusting the opening size of the distributor, and adjusting the gap of the grinding chamber. For the hammer crusher, the adjustment of the particle size of the finished product can be controlled by adjusting the size of the sieve plate gap. According to this situation, the impact crusher can more effectively deal with the material with large water content and avoid blocking.
  3.处理物料
  3. Handling materials
  反击式破碎机因其技术结构与工作原理的差异,不仅能够处理较软的物料,而且还能够处理硬度较大的物料,而锤式破碎机只能处理硬度较小的物料。因为反击式破碎机底部没有篦条,产物粒度由反击板与锤头间的间隙决定,所以在处理物料含水量过大时,能够有效避免破碎湿物料时堵塞篦条的现象。锤式破碎机因底度篦条的因素,增加了堵塞的可能性,因而不能处理湿度较大的物料。相比,反击式破碎机的工作范围更广一些。
  Due to the difference of technical structure and working principle, impact crusher can not only deal with soft materials, but also deal with materials with high hardness, while hammer crusher can only deal with materials with low hardness. Because there is no grate bar at the bottom of the impact crusher, the particle size of the product is determined by the gap between the impact plate and the hammer head, so when the moisture content of the material is too large, it can effectively avoid blocking the grate bar when crushing the wet material. The hammer crusher can't deal with the material with high humidity because of the factor of bottom grate, which increases the possibility of blocking. Compared with the impact crusher, the scope of work is more extensive.
  4.维护成本
  4. Maintenance cost
  前期购买时,反击破的价格一般要比锤破的价格要高。但由于反击式破碎机与锤式破碎机结构以及工作的差异,会导致后期维护具有一定的差异。
  When buying in the early stage, the price of counterattack is generally higher than that of hammer. However, due to the differences in structure and operation between impact crusher and hammer crusher, there will be some differences in later maintenance.
  反击式破碎机板锤的磨损仅在出现在迎向物料的一面,反击式破碎机板锤的金属利用率可高达45%—48%。同时,反击式破碎机机架部分为三分体结构,只须打开破碎机后部机壳,即可进行更换板锤、反击板、衬板等检修维护作业,而且反击式破碎机零部件的互换性强,易损件品种少,便于备件的采购和管理。
  The wear of the plate hammer of the impact crusher only appears on the side facing the material. The metal utilization rate of the plate hammer of the impact crusher can be as high as 45% - 48%. At the same time, the frame part of the impact crusher is a three-part structure, which only needs to open the shell at the back of the crusher to replace the plate hammer, impact plate, lining plate and other maintenance operations. Moreover, the parts of the impact crusher have strong interchangeability and few varieties of vulnerable parts, which is convenient for the purchase and management of spare parts.
  而锤式破碎机锤头多达100多只,更换一套锤头花费大量时间和人力,检修和维护费用较高。锤破的转子、底部筛板、隔栅等在工作时也可能受到磨损,且更换也相对复杂。
  The hammer crusher has more than 100 hammerheads. It takes a lot of time and manpower to replace a set of hammerheads. The cost of maintenance and repair is high. The hammered rotor, bottom sieve plate and screen may also be worn during operation, and the replacement is relatively complicated.
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