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不同类型碎石机的优缺点对比区别
网址:http://www.dhfjx.cn    发布时间:2020-05-23
工程建筑粗骨料咱们通称碎石、石子,因而骨料出产线又被称为石子出产线、碎石出产线。咱们还会叫一些破碎设备为石子机,打石子的机器等。
The coarse aggregate of engineering construction is generally called gravel and gravel, so the aggregate production line is also called gravel production line and gravel production line. We will also call some crushing equipment for the stone machine, the stone machine and so on.
下面咱们来介绍几种石子碎石机,它们具有不同的长处,都是石子出产线中的常用破碎设备,一起组合成了石子出产的大军。
Now let's introduce several kinds of stone crushers. They have different advantages. They are common crushing equipment in the stone production line, and they are combined into the army of stone production.
颚式碎石机
Jaw crusher
一、颚式碎石机--常用石子粗碎机
1、 Jaw crusher -- common coarse crusher
颚式碎石机是一种被广泛运用的破碎设备,也是原始碎石机械设备之一。颚式碎石机有很多种,其中复摆式颚破以及其改进型的使用量是大的,支撑着矿山的粗碎作业。
Jaw crusher is a widely used crushing equipment, which is also one of the original mechanical equipment. There are many kinds of jaw crushers, among which the use of compound jaw crusher and its improved type is large, supporting the coarse crushing operation of the mine.
结构:详细有机架、偏疼轴、大皮带轮、飞轮、动鄂、侧护板、肘板、肘板后座、调隙螺杆、复位绷簧、固定鄂板与活动鄂板等组合成,其中肘板还起到稳妥效果。
Structure: it is composed of frame, eccentric shaft, large belt pulley, flywheel, movable jaw, side guard board, elbow board, back seat of elbow board, gap adjusting screw, reset tension spring, fixed jaw board and movable jaw board, etc., in which elbow board also plays a stable effect.
原理:电动机驱动皮带和皮带轮,经过偏疼轴使动鄂上下运动,当动鄂上升时肘板和动鄂间夹角变大,从而推动动鄂板向定鄂板挨近,此外物料被揉捏、搓、碾等多重破碎;当动鄂下行时,肘板和动鄂间夹角变小,动鄂板在拉杆、绷簧的效果下脱离定鄂板,此刻已破碎物料从破碎腔下口排出,随着电动机接连滚动破碎机动鄂作周期性的压碎和排料,完成批量出产。
Principle: the motor drives the belt and pulley to move the movable jaw up and down through the eccentric axis. When the movable jaw rises, the angle between the elbow plate and the movable jaw becomes larger, so as to push the movable jaw plate close to the fixed jaw plate. In addition, the material is kneaded, rubbed, milled and other multiple crushing; When the moving jaw goes down, the angle between the elbow plate and the moving jaw becomes smaller, and the moving jaw plate is separated from the fixed jaw plate under the effect of the pull rod and the tension spring. At the moment, the crushed materials are discharged from the lower opening of the crushing chamber. As the motor continues to roll the motor jaw for periodic crushing and discharging, the mass production is completed.
长处:破碎腔深并且无死区,提升了入料才能与产值;破碎比大,适用粗碎;垫片式排料口调整设备,稳定便利,调理规模大,添加了设备的灵活性;润滑系统安全稳定,配件拆换便利,保养作业量小;结构简略,作业稳定,出资本钱极低。
Advantages: the crushing chamber is deep and has no dead zone, which improves the input capacity and output value; the crushing ratio is large, which is suitable for coarse crushing; the gasket type discharge port adjustment equipment is stable and convenient, with large conditioning scale, adding the flexibility of the equipment; the lubrication system is safe and stable, the parts are easy to be disassembled and replaced, and the maintenance work volume is small; the structure is simple, the operation is stable, and the capital output is very low.
粗碎才能的异常杰出导致咱们遗忘了颚破还有细碎类型,它们可以跟在粗碎机后边完结进一步的破碎,但与一些专门的二破设备,细碎颚破仍然具有必定的局限性,便是产值较低。
Due to the outstanding ability of coarse crushing, we forget about jawbone and fine crushing type, which can be further broken after the coarse crusher. However, with some special secondary crushing equipment, fine jawbone still has certain limitations, that is, its output value is relatively low.
移动碎石机租赁
反击式碎石机
Impact crusher
二、反击式碎石机--一种兼备整形的中细碎石子机
2、 Impact crusher -- a kind of medium and fine stone crusher with shaping function
反击式碎石机曾被高速公路工程选定为骨料出产设备,商混站也规定料场必须用反击破加工的现象。但这已经是过去式,然而不得不供认,反击式破碎机仍然一种常用的碎石整形机,起码在石灰石破碎出产线是这样的。
The impact crusher has been selected as aggregate production equipment by highway engineering, and the commercial mixing station also stipulates that the material yard must be processed with impact crusher. But this is the past type, but we have to admit that the impact crusher is still a commonly used gravel shaping machine, at least in the limestone crushing production line.
结构:反击式碎石机按转子数目的不同,分为单转子和双转子两种类型。反击破的全体结构简略,详细由机架、传动组织、转子、锤头及反击板等组合成。
Structure: according to the number of rotors, the impact crusher can be divided into two types: single rotor and double rotor. The whole structure of the counterattack is simple, which is composed of frame, transmission organization, rotor, hammer head, counterattack plate, etc.
原理:使用高速旋转的转子上的板锤,对送入破碎腔的物料形成高速碰击效果导致物料破碎,已破碎的物料沿切线方向,以高速抛向破碎腔另一端的反击板,完结再度破碎,然后又从反击板反弹到板锤,再次重复以程。物料由大到小进入一、二、三反击腔重复完结破碎,在此流程中,物料遭到板锤的打击、与反击板的碰击以及物料相互间的互相磕碰,不断形成裂纹、松散直至裂开,破碎到所需粒度后,由出料口排出。
Principle: use the plate hammer on the high-speed rotating rotor to form a high-speed impact effect on the materials sent into the crushing chamber, resulting in the material crushing. The crushed materials are thrown to the impact plate at the other end of the crushing chamber at high speed along the tangent direction, and finally they are broken again, and then rebound from the impact plate to the plate hammer. Repeat the above process again. The materials enter the first, second and third impact chambers from large to small and are repeatedly broken. In this process, the materials are hit by the hammer, hit with the impact plate and collided with each other, forming cracks, looseness and even cracks. After the materials are broken to the required size, they are discharged from the outlet.
长处:适用物料的广泛性;出料粒度调理具有较强的灵活性;结构简略、维护便利、易损件拆换很容易;出产效率高、产品粒形好。
Advantages: it is applicable to the wide range of materials; it has strong flexibility in discharging particle size adjustment; it has simple structure, convenient maintenance, easy to dismantle and replace vulnerable parts; it has high production efficiency and good product particle shape.
反击式碎石机是兼备整形才能的碎石机械设备,详细便是使用在骨料出产上,但用于硬度较高的岩石破碎,板锤的磨损较快,因为拆换易损件停机的频率添加。
The impact crusher is a kind of mechanical equipment with shaping ability. It is used in aggregate production in detail, but it is used for rock crushing with high hardness. The plate hammer wears faster because of the frequency of replacing vulnerable parts.
复合液压圆锥碎石机
Composite hydraulic cone crusher
三、圆锥式碎石机--无与伦比的硬岩石子机
3、 Cone crusher -- unparalleled hard rock crusher
圆锥式碎石机相对其他破碎设备来说研制较晚,却是一款经过精心设计的设备。圆锥式碎石机型号有很多,经过不断的研制与改进与质料的适应包括有几类:绷簧圆锥破、液压圆锥破,液压圆锥破又分为单缸、多缸、复合圆锥破等。
Compared with other crushing equipment, cone crusher is developed late, but it is a well-designed equipment. There are many types of cone crusher. After continuous development and improvement, it can be divided into several types: tension spring cone breaking, hydraulic cone breaking, hydraulic cone breaking can be divided into single cylinder, multi cylinder, composite cone breaking, etc.
结构:不同品种的圆锥破结构不尽相同,咱们以多缸液压圆锥破为例完结简略介绍,详细由机架部、支撑套部、调整环部、动锥部、偏疼套部、传动部和稳妥设备部七大部件组合成,主轴固定,电动机带动传动轴旋转,传动轴经过齿轮带动偏疼套绕主轴旋转,再由偏疼套带动动锥部做偏疼圆周摇摆,从而完成接连的揉捏破碎石块。
Structure: different types of cone break have different structures. Let's take multi cylinder hydraulic cone break as an example to finish the brief introduction. It is composed of seven parts in detail: frame part, support sleeve part, adjusting ring part, moving cone part, deflection sleeve part, transmission part and stable equipment part. The main shaft is fixed, the motor drives the transmission shaft to rotate, the transmission shaft drives the deflection sleeve to rotate around the main shaft through the gear, and then The migraine sleeve drives the moving cone to do the circular swing of migraine, so as to complete the continuous kneading and crushing of rocks.
原理:电机经过皮带轮和三角带带动设备传动轴滚动,传动轴经过大小锥齿轮带动偏疼套绕主轴滚动,偏疼套带动动锥做旋摆运动,使动锥和定锥时而接近、时而远离轧臼壁,物料在轧臼壁和破碎壁形成的破碎腔内不断遭到揉捏、碰击而破碎,破碎的物料从下部排出。
Principle: the motor drives the driving shaft of the equipment to roll through the belt pulley and V-belt, the driving shaft drives the deflection sleeve to roll around the main shaft through the large and small bevel gears, and the deflection sleeve drives the moving cone to rotate and swing, so that the moving cone and the fixed cone are sometimes close to and sometimes far away from the rolling mortar wall, and the materials are constantly kneaded, bumped and broken in the crushing cavity formed by the rolling mortar wall and the broken wall, and the broken materials are discharged from the bottom Out.
长处:选用固定主轴、小球面轴互等的优化结构,比旧式绷簧圆锥破的效率高5%-15%;将破碎冲程、破碎速度以及破碎腔形的完美组合设计,比旧式绷簧圆锥破的产值高35%-60%;选用特有的层压破碎原理,形成颗粒间的破碎效果,针片状石子削减,粒级更为均匀;当有铁块等不能破碎的硬物进入机内时,过铁保护设备会自动将其释放,然后当即复位。
Advantages: the optimized structure of fixed main shaft and small spherical surface shaft is selected, which is 5% - 15% higher than the efficiency of old-fashioned tension spring cone breaking; the perfect combination design of crushing stroke, crushing speed and crushing cavity shape is 35% - 60% higher than the output value of old-fashioned tension spring cone breaking; the unique lamination crushing principle is selected to form the crushing effect between particles, and the needle and flake stones are cut, and the particle grade is more uniform; when When the iron block and other hard objects that cannot be broken enter the machine, the over iron protection device will automatically release them, and then reset them immediately.
多缸圆锥式破碎机独特的层压破碎原理使去具有很强的破碎力,称为优秀的硬岩石子破碎机,它的低功耗、大产值、粒型好更添加了其使用面。
Multi cylinder cone crusher has a strong crushing force due to its unique laminating crushing principle. It is called an excellent hard rock crusher. Its low power consumption, large output value and good grain shape add its use surface.

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